In 1960, there were only 4,951,560 people in Florida.
4,063,861 people in Florida, or 82 percent of the state’s population, were White. The remaining 887,679 people were non-White.
Of the non-Whites, 880,186 were black and 7,493 were Asian or other. Even in Miami-Dade County, non-Hispanic Whites were still around 80 percent of the population in 1960.
Outside of Miami-Dade County, which had 50,000 Hispanics in 1960, the largest foreign-born group in Florida in the Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa-St.Petersburg, and Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood metropolitan areas were Canadians.
11,011,013 people in Florida, or 57 percent of the state’s population, were White. The remaining 6,374,797 people were non-White. Of the non-Whites, 3,206,716 were black, 4,481,675 were Hispanic, and 521,574 were Asian. In Miami-Dade County, non-Hispanic Whites had fallen to 11.9 percent of the population.
Among the non-Whites and non-Christians in Florida, this includes:
- 655,000 Jews
- 720,000 to 825,000 Illegal Aliens
- 128,735 Asian Indians
- 13,224 Japanese
- 72,248 Chinese
- 90,223 Filipinos
- 26,205 Koreans
- 58,470 Vietnamese
- 65,716 “Other Asians”
- 60,000 African immigrants
- 376,000 Haitians
- 120,000 Jamaicans
- 300,000 Colombians
- 84,000 Mayan Indians
- 107,000 Hondurans
- 102,000 Venezuelans
- 101,000 Peruvians
- 624,718 Mexicans
- 847,550 Puerto Ricans
- 1,213,100 Cubans
- 1,533,100 “Other Hispanics”
In 2013, around 70.1 percent of the people who live in Florida were born out-of-state. From 1960 to 2010, the foreign born population in Florida has skyrocketed from 5.5 percent to 19.2 percent. Among this sea of foreigners and transplants, Southern Whites have been reduced to a minority outside of North Florida.
Florida represents the most extreme case of “Southern Demographic Displacement.” In the next few months, we will explore how this came about.
Note: These statistics are partially drawn from the chapter “Immigration and Ethnicity in Florida History” in Michael Gannon’s The History of Florida.