Thrasymachus is disputing my contention that Black Run Amerika was born in the nineteenth century and grew out of the abolitionist movement in the Northern states.
Here’s the proof that BRA was created in the 19th century:
(1) The Northern states repealed their anti-miscegenation laws in the nineteenth century: Pennsylvania (1780), Massachusetts (1843), Iowa (1851), Kansas (1859), Rhode Island (1881), Maine (1883), Michigan (1883), and Ohio (1887).
(2) Several Northern states never passed anti-miscegenation laws: Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
(3) In 1860, “African-Americans” were citizens with voting rights in five New England states: Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont, and New Hampshire. Approximately 4 percent of free blacks in America lived in these states.
(4) The Dred Scott decision which ruled that “African-Americans” were not American citizens outraged Republicans in New England on the grounds that the other states refused to recognize their black citizens under the Constitution.
In 1820, Missouri prohibited “free negroes and mulattoes from coming to and settling in this State.” This was cited as a reason by senators and representatives from several New England states as a reason to block Missouri’s admission to the Union.
(5) Prior to the War Between the States, four Northern states banned free blacks from settling within their borders: Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, and Oregon. Ohio required free blacks to post a bond and practice good behavior to enter the state.
(6) In 1833, Oberlin College was founded by abolitionists in Ohio as a utopian religious community. It was the first integrated coeducational college in the United States.
(7) Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a best seller in the Northern states.
In 1860, the racial status quo in the Northern states can be summarized as follows: “African-Americans” were citizens with voting rights in five New England states; this has been struck down by the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision; four Northern states banned free blacks; a fifth Northern state required blacks to post a bond; miscegenation was legal in 11 Northern states; and de jure segregation was the norm in the region outside of New England.
As far as racial attitudes are concerned, it would be accurate to say that most Northern Whites were racially conscious to some degree. The Midwest and Lower North were a lot more racially conscious than New England and Yankeedom.
In the North, the Scots-Irish and Irish Catholics were unquestionably the most racially conscious groups there. The Democratic Party was committed to white supremacy. It was dominated by Southerners. Northern Whites supported the Democratic Party because they opposed abolitionists and wanted to keep free blacks in the South.
Yankees and Quakers were the most egalitarian Whites in the Northern states. Racial attitudes among the Germans and Scandinavians varied, but these two groups were a lot more sympathetic to Yankees than either the Irish or the Scots-Irish.
The whole perfectionist reform milieu which hatched the first utopian social reform movements – abolitionism, temperance, and women’s suffrage – was dominated by middle class Northern Protestants (Quakers, Congregationalists, Northern Baptists, Northern Methodists, and Unitarians) who tended to be Yankees or Quakers.
Radical egalitarianism unquestionably emerged out of this social reform milieu in the Antebellum decades. The roots of the modern Left trace back to groups like Garrison’s American Anti-Slavery Society. The Nation, for example, was founded in 1865 by abolitionists.
From 1830 to 1860, these people moved from the fringe of Northern politics in the Liberty Party and the Free Soil Party to the mainstream in the Republican Party. By the 1860 election, there were “Radical Republicans” sitting in Congress like William Seward, Benjamin Wade, Charles Sumner, George Julian, and Thaddeus Stevens.
(8) The War Between the States was a watershed moment in American history on the race question. It led to the destruction of the Confederacy, the crippling of the Democracy, and the triumph of the Yankee and the Radical Republicans.
(9) In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which abolished slavery in the Confederacy. The Union Army armed 178,000 blacks to wage war against the South. 1 out of 5 black males of military age in the United States served in the Union Army in the “Civil War.”
(10) During the War Between the States, the North was swept by a wave of radical egalitarianism and patriotic fervor that resulted in the passage of a ton of desegregation laws at the state and local level. Michael Fitzgerald discusses this in Splendid Failure.
Exalting blacks at the expense of Southern Whites had become identified with the Union cause, with the Republican Party, and with a peculiarly Northern brand of American nationalism. John Brown’s Body was turned into the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
In April 1865, the status quo in the Northern states (where 2 percent of “African-Americans” lived at the time) was the beginning of massive desegregation, the liberalization of White racial attitudes, the repeal of the Midwestern black codes, support for “civil rights,” etc.
After abolition became a Union war aim with the Emancipation Proclamation, the Union Army “liberated” the negro across the South. There is no clear plan yet as to what to do with “the Blacks.” The status of blacks wasn’t an issue before the war because the overwhelming majority of them were slaves on Southern plantations where Yankees had no authority over them.
(11) The assassination of Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth made Andrew Johnson the 11th president of the United States. A Unionist anti-Confederate senator from East Tennessee, Johnson had become a hero among the Radicals in the North during the war and ran with Lincoln on the “Union Party” ticket in 1864.
(12) Johnson’s views on race were typical of anti-Confederate Southern Whites: they were as “racist” as their Confederate counterparts in the Southern lowlands, but they had little use for slavery, resented the planter class, and detested secession because conscription interfered with their autonomous clan based existence in the Southern highlands.
Andrew Johnson believed that the White Unionists in the South who opposed secession should be the new ruling class. Now that slavery had been abolished and the Union had been preserved, these Unionists had little use for “African-Americans” and believed they should go back to working as wage laborers on the plantations.
(13) The abolition of slavery by the Thirteenth Amendment and the preservation of the Union meant that Southerners would be coming back to Congress. It also meant the demise of the 3/5th clause. This meant that under the Constitution that Southerners would be allowed to come back to Congress with more political power than before the war.
(14) Having won the “Civil War,” the Radical Republicans were not about to allow the “Rebels” to come back into the Union and take over the federal government. Thus, the Radical Republicans hit upon the idea of universal manhood suffrage.
No one in the American South had been more loyal to the Union than “African-Americans.” Why not make African-Americans into U.S. citizens? Why not give them voting rights? In such a way, the Republican Party could destroy the Democracy and dominate American politics indefinitely.
(15) The Radicals in Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. It was the first federal civil rights law in American history. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave citizenship and equal rights to “African-Americans.”
It was vetoed by President Johnson, who opposed their attempt to “Africanize the Southern states,” and the Radicals passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 over his veto by refusing to admit Southerners to Congress.
(16) As of 1866, the Black Republicans have abolished slavery, overturned the Dred Scott decision, and implemented the worst and most lurid fears of Southern secessionists by making blacks into American citizens with equal rights.
In the South, there are three states with black majority (Mississippi, Louisiana, and South Carolina) and a fourth state with a razor thin White majority (Florida). Universal manhood suffrage effectively means “negro supremacy” in these states.
(17) In the 1866 elections, the Radical Republicans win a 2/3rds majority in both houses of Congress. For the first time in American history, one political party has absolute power. Congress impeaches Johnson who becomes a lame duck because the Radicals have the power to override his veto.
Of course the only reason this has happened is because the Republican-controlled Congress (Congress has the power to determine its own members) has refused to readmit Southerners to representation in Congress.
(18) The Radical Republican Congress passes the Reconstruction Acts which dissolve 10 Confederate states into military districts. The eleventh state, Tennessee, has been placed under the Unionist dictatorship of “Parson” Brownlow who advocated the murder of every “Rebel” man, woman, and child in the South.
(19) In the Border States (Missouri, West Virginia, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware), the “Rebels” are disenfranchised by loyalty oaths and are violently purged everywhere.
(20) In 1867, the Radical Republicans have created BRA by using military force to make blacks into American citizens. They have given equal rights to blacks. These rights are enforced by the power of the Union Army.
The Southern states are forced at gunpoint to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment which centralizes power in Washington and disenfranchises ex-Confederates while enfranchising African-Americans. The fraudulent and illegal state legislatures are dominated by carpetbaggers, scalawags, and negroes.
In this way, the Southern states are readmitted to the Union on Radical terms. In every single Southern state, the White majority rejects the 14th Amendment and readmission to the Union. “African-Americans” and their scalawag allies voted to rejoin the United States and pass the 14th Amendment and 15th Amendment.
(21) BRA indisputably began in Reconstruction: in the occupied Confederacy, there were black governors, black senators, black congressmen, black secretary of states, black state legislators, black mayors, black sheriffs, etc.
In several states (South Carolina, Louisiana, Florida, and Mississippi), Whites quite literally livd under “negro domination” until the White Man’s Revolution of 1876 and the withdrawal of federal troops in 1877 resulted in the restoration of white supremacy.
During Reconstruction, Southern anti-miscegenation laws were repealed. Public accommodations were integrated. Taxes were raised to outrageous levels to finance the construction of public schools for “African-Americans.” The University of Arkansas was integrated. South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) was integrated.
In the name of “equality,” the Radical Republicans have used the power of the Union Army to turn the South into “an upside down world” where African-Americans dominate Whites and the Southern states are explicitly run for their benefit at the expense of Whites. This is discussed by foreigners like the French who are generally horrified by the spectacle.
BRA as it existed in Reconstruction is recognizably the society now that exists today. The Force Acts of 1870 and 1871 are used to suppress the Klan. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 integrated everything in the South except for public schools. There were blacks everywhere in positions of power.
In 1877, the status quo in the South was that White Southerners had “redeemed” all the Southern states in one way or another, which meant that by either through force, fraud, compromise or electoral majorities, the disenfranchised ex-Confederates have reestablished some limited level of control.
Redemption did not mean that blacks had ceased to be citizens or voters. It did not mean that Jim Crow has triumphed. Integration is still the norm. Blacks still have most of their “civil rights.” There is no universal system of race relations in the Southern states.
In the North, the Antebellum black codes have been repealed, blacks are now voters and citizens in every state, segregation has been largely overthrown, the miscegenation laws have been repealed in every Northern state (with the exception of Indiana) by 1887.
The Supreme Court lead the retreat from Reconstruction in a series of major decisions that laid the legal foundation of Jim Crow: the Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), U.S. v. Cruikshank (1876), the Civil Rights Cases (1881), Pace v. Alabama (1883), and Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
What about the Northern states? Did the Northern states pass Jim Crow laws? Did the North retreat from Reconstruction like the South? No, Reconstruction survived in the Union which went in exactly the opposite direction from Dixie:
Iowa: banned public accommodations segregation (1884 and 1892).
Minnesota: banned segregation in public education (1887), banned public accommodations segregation (1885, 1887, and 1895).
Wisconsin: banned segregation in public accommodations and public transportation (1895).
Michigan: banned segregation in public education (1871), banned anti-miscegenation laws (1883 and 1889), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885).
Illinois: repealed exclusion of free blacks (1865), banned segregation in public education (1874 and 1896), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885 and 1897).
Indiana: banned segregation in public education (1877), banned segregation in public accommodations (1885).
Ohio: banned segregation in public accommodations (1884), banned anti-miscegenation laws and segregation in public schools (1887).
Pennsylvania: banned railroad and streetcar segregation (1867), banned segregation in public education (1872 and 1881), banned public accommodations segregation (1887).
New Jersey: banned public school segregation (1881), banned public accommodations segregation (1884 and 1898).
New York: banned public accommodations segregation (1873, 1881, and 1895), banned school segregation (1894 and 1900).
Rhode Island: banned public education segregation (1882).
Massachusetts: banned public accommodations segregation (1865, 1866, 1885, 1893, 1895), banned public education segregation (1894).
Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Maine didn’t feel compelled to pass laws that explicitly banned public accommodations segregation and public education segregation. Integration had long been customary in New England. As the spiritual capital of abolition, Massachusetts felt compelled though to pass no less than five state laws banning public accommodations segregation.
At the dawn of the twentieth century, “African-Americans” had been transformed by victorious Yankees from slaves into American citizens. In theory, the 14th Amendment and 15th Amendment had given “equal rights” to blacks nationwide. In practice, the South had essentially nullified the Reconstruction Amendments, but had conceded black citizenship and “civil rights” (such as the right to own firearms, gather in mass meetings, solemnize marriages, and consume alcohol) while rejecting social and political equality.
In the North, African-Americans were treated as the social, civil, and political equals of White people. Every single Northern state with the exception of Indiana had repealed its anti-miscegenation law. The North had also banned segregation in public education and public accommodations.
In 1860, the Union was divided into free states and slave states. Northern Whites and Southern Whites were racially conscious, but Yankeeland and the Deep South were polar opposites on the race question.
In 1900, the Union was divided along the same geographical line into integrated states and segregated states. Northern Whites and Southern Whites were still racially conscious, but Yankeeland and the Deep South were still polar opposites on the race question.
America remained a “house divided” on race until the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In the House, 94 percent of Northern Democrats and 85 percent of Northern Republicans voted for that bill. In the Senate, 98 percent of Northern Democrats and 84 percent of Northern Republicans voted to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
In the House, 93 percent of Southern Democrats and 100 percent of Southern Republicans (there being no Republican congressmen from the region) voted against the bill. In the Senate, 20 out of 21 Southern senators voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
After overcoming a Southern filibuster that lasted for 54 days, Northern Democrats and Northern Republicans voted as a bipartisan sectional supermajority to overthrow Jim Crow and impose their own integrated social system on the South.
In 1964, the concept of “civil rights” in America was two years away from celebrating its 100th birthday. Strangely enough, the very same people who passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 were behind the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
BRA was created by the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction. It was temporarily overthrown in the South through violence and fraud. It survived and blossomed in the North in the late nineteenth century.
In the so-called “Civil Rights Movement,” BRA was extended nationwide by the Northern dominated federal government. It had been extended to the South before, but it was overthrown last time around after a struggle that lasted for thirty years (1866 to 1896) after the War Between the States.
Yankees created BRA. In forty six years, they haven’t let a day go by without boasting about their great accomplishment of deifying “African-Americans” while vilifying White Southerners. Every single day we are reminded that the South is racist and Yankees abolished slavery and supported the “Civil Rights Movement.”
Has anyone ever seen a Yankee on national television or writing for a mainstream newspaper or magazine deny being responsible for abolition, anti-racism, and civil rights? The promotion of blacks over Whites has become synonymous with the definition of morality itself and nowhere more emphatically so than in the states like Vermont and Massachusetts where this whole degenerate culture was spawned in the first place.
I mean honestly … they are incapable of getting off their high horse and letting us live it down. In BRA, it is culturally illegal to endorse the Confederate position on race or to question the moral superiority of being a “civil rights activist.”
You could even say that Jesus Christ has been replaced by Martin Luther King, Jr. in their theology. In their perverse, alien, and inverted moral system, whiteness has become the Original Sin. It is something you redeem yourself from through MLK’s grace by worshiping blacks like Barack Hussein Obama and Rosa Parks.
It is a hard to imagine a culture that could possibly be more anti-Southern in spirit. It is almost as if some other distinct people has created their own sense of identity (like, say, in some kind of war) by defining themselves against Germans and White Southerners.
Who could that be?
Note: “The Battle Hymn of the Republic” is a hymn by Julia Ward Howe using the music from the song “John Brown’s Body”.