This is an insightful excerpt and another preview of Yankee Month into the origins of the Second Republic which was created by the Radical Republicans in 1867 when they overthrew the Constitution to pass the 14th Amendment which made African negroes into American citzens:
“Garrison’s view was even more complicated, for he drew a distinction between the false Union – the “hollow mockery” created by the Constitution – and the true Union, a “glorious reality” that had never yet been achieved. The false Union, he repeated again and again, was not divinely ordained but rather “the work of men’s hands”: quoting the Bible, he declared that “it is only those things which are made, that can be shaken down.” As Garrison saw it, slavery depended on the false Union for its survival – Northerners furnished Southern slaveholders with the markets for their slaves’ produce, with the laws and slave-catching mobs that policed the boundaries of the system, with the votes to give slaveholders control of the federal government, and with the moral approbation to embolden slaveholders to spread their pernicious labor system. If this Northern support were withdrawn, slavery would be doomed. The spirit of the true Union, by contrast, was present in the preamble of the Declaration of Independence – it was the spirit of equality. A binding and valid compact between freedom and slavery was, for Garrison, a moral impossibility, and thus, in a sense, disunion already prevailed. With slaveholders campaigning aggressively to extend their domain and to curtail the rights of Northern citizens, it was inevitable and fitting that political disunion would flow from moral disunion. An 1842 antislavery meeting in Boston, presided over by Garrison, resolved that “the time is rapidly approaching when the American Union will be dissolved in form, as it is now in fact.” In this formulation, disunion connoted not failure, shame, and anarchy but the necessary prelude to a national rebirth: the demise of the false, corrupt Union would prepare the way for the establishment of the true, righteous one. From the early 1840s on, then, disunion for Garrison connoted not only a threat and an accusation, but also a process by which Northerners were coming to see that only a total repudiation of the South could purge the nation of sin.”
The Constitution was the “false Union” – it was a compact with a wicked Southern civilization based on slavery and racial prejudice that had to be overthrown by righteous Yankees to realize the Glorious Union that had never existed but embodied the spirit of equality found in the Declaration of Independence.
America had to be recreated by Yankees in their own image of a Shining City on a Hill. The Union had to be rebuilt on Northern terms. The terms of the Union would be dictated to the defeated Confederacy which was placed under military occupation. Those terms were negro citizenship, racial equality, and civil rights.