The Medieval Wife: Part One

Griselda, the Medieval ideal of the patient and obedient wife

Griselda, the Medieval ideal of the patient and obedient wife

Here are my notes on marriage in the Middle Ages from Marilyn Yalom’s book  A History of the Wife:

  • In the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church gradually took over the jurisdiction of marriage from the family, kin group, and the state.
  • In the Middle Ages, women of all social classes – the peasantry, the bourgeoisie, and the nobility – were subservient to their husbands. As an institution, marriage confirmed men as the masters of their wives on religious and legal grounds.
  • The ideal Medieval wife was patient, chaste and obedient.
  • The monogamous, nuclear family became the norm over time.
  • Homosexuality was strongly repressed in Medieval culture compared to Greco-Roman Antiquity.
  • Women weren’t voting in democratic elections but then again neither were the vast majority of Medieval men.
  • From the 1150s forward, couples were married at the church door, in front of witnesses, in the presence of a priest. The marriage vows were very similar to those that exist today although wives vowed obedience to their husbands.
  • The Catholic Church downplayed parental consent in favor of the mutual will of the bride and groom. This was a revolutionary change from marriage in Antiquity.
  • From the 700s forward, marriage was a sacrament, and was treated as a permanent, indissoluble union between husband and wife. This was finally made into canon law at the Council of Trent in 1563.
  • In German-speaking countries, husbands had the legal right to dispose of their wife’s property. Germanic men had the right to beat their wives and could punish their wives to enforce their authority short of murder. Battery was sanctioned by custom.
  • The taboo against illegitimate births among the peasantry wasn’t very strong. Mutual affection and sexual attraction played a role in their marriages. It was commonplace for couples to marry after pregnancy.
  • Among the elites, marriage was a means to secure alliances between families. See “Game of Thrones.” Elite women had the least sexual freedom. Elite men had the “freedom of youth” to sleep with women of the lower classes.
  • Among the bourgeoisie, marriage was typically arranged between families.
  • In Germanic countries, women often married under the auspices of a family member during the Early Middle Ages (500-1000). The Catholic Church fought long and hard to stamp out this folk custom and make marriage a public affair, which was announced weeks beforehand and was conducted at church.
  • As in Antiquity, women were “given away” by their fathers to the groom during the wedding, but the key difference was that Medieval marriage was based on mutual consent, whereas marriage in Antiquity required the consent of the fathers of the bride and the groom during the Roman era.
  • In the Middle Ages, chastity was glorified in popular culture. Ascetics were the Medieval ideal and women who abandoned their families to join a convent were praised. Virgins and widows were ranked higher in the social scale than married women. Sex was considered a dirty thing.
  • The clergy was always supposed to be sexually celibate, but some of the clergy lived with concubines, or were married during the Early Middle Ages. In the early 12th century, there was a crackdown on clerical marriage.
  • “Romantic love” began in the courts of southern France in the early 12th century and typically involved a knight pursuing an inaccessible woman such a queen or princess. Remember, elite women had the least sexual freedom in the Middle Ages, so the idea of dashing young men appealed to them.
  • “Romantic love” reversed traditional gender roles by giving women power over men. It was the first time that women were portrayed in a position of superiority. Although this only involved a few elite women at court in the Middle Ages, the ideal of romantic love later trickled down to the lower classes in later centuries.
  • In the Middle Ages, motherhood was seen as the fulfillment of a woman’s life, children were considered a blessing, and marriage as an institution was propped up by a strong religious, emotional, social, and economic foundation.
  • The Catholic Church strongly discouraged infanticide and contraception. Women had on average 7 to 8 children.
  • The average life expectancy for men and women was 30 years. This was due to the high infant mortality rate.
  • During the Late Middle Ages (1300-1500), public schools were founded and wealthy elite women had some access to education. Not all women worked in the home. Some worked in textiles, making beer, or as servants to elite families.
  • Among the peasantry, Medieval women were spending the vast majority of their time in household management on the same tasks they were performing later in the Early Modern Era.
  • Medieval wives needed the permission of their husbands to leave the household.
  • In Italy, parental control over marriage, which was a civil affair in cities like Florence and Venice, lasted longer than it did in Britain and France. In Tuscany, the average woman married at 18, and the average man in in the country married at 26 while the average man in the city married at 30.
  • Generally speaking, peasants married other peasants, bourgeoisie married other bourgeoisie, and nobles married other nobles. The Medieval family played a much greater role in arranging the marriage than they do today, but Medieval marriage was based on mutual consent like its modern counterpart. As in Antiquity, the size a women’s dowry played a key role in attracting a suitor.
  • Marriage was considered too important of an institution (it was basically a religious and economic institution) to be dictated by romantic love.
  • During the Middle Ages, the average age of marriage seems to have increased among women and decreased among men from Antiquity.
Posted in Europe, Family, History, Religion, Women | 5 Comments

Gay Marriage In The Roman Empire

The following excerpt comes from Marilyn Yalom’s The History of The Wife:

“Nero, the flamboyant Roman emperor who ruled from 54 to 68 C.E., went so far as to marry two men, sequentially, in public ceremonies. Suetonius wrote of Nero’s first homosexual marriage: “Having tried to turn the boy Sporus into a girl by castration, he went through a wedding ceremony with him – dowry, bridal veil and all – which the whole Court attended; then brought him home, and treated him as a wife. He dressed Sporus in the fine clothes normally worn by an Empress and took him in his own litter … through the Street of Images at Rome, kissing him amorously now and then.” He later also married the freedman Doryphorus. Nero forced the Imperial Court to treat his male brides with the same courtesy bestowed upon his three heterosexual wives (first Octavia, whom he divorced on a trumped-up adultery charge and then put to death; then Poppaea, who died three years later; and finally Statilia Messalina.)

Homosexual weddings seemed to have increased during the first and second centuries, but were outlawed in 342. Some of the reactions to these weddings sound very much like those voiced today by conservatives facing gay and lesbian commitment ceremonies, domestic partnerships, and the possibility of legalized marriage.”

Note: I had forgotten that “gay marriage” was among the many infamous acts of Nero, the mad Roman emperor.

Posted in History, Homosexuals | 33 Comments

ANN Radio Interview With Rodney Martin

Here’s an interview that I did yesterday of Rodney Martin of the American Nationalist Network. We spent an hour talking about White Nationalism and Southern Nationalism and especially about corporate influence over US immigration policy.

California is plagued by some of the same issues we face here in Dixie. It is the number one agricultural state and agribusiness wants cheap illegal alien labor to work on farms in the Central Valley. The state has also tried to defend itself several times by passing popular reforms, but federal judges gutted Proposition 187 and Proposition 8, which is the same story we have seen on multiple occasions in the South.

The Golden State is represented in the US Senate by two Jewish senators who have tirelessly worked to undermine its Christian culture and its previously dominant White majority. The forces in play there are a microcosm of America as a whole, and illustrate what Dixie could eventually become around mid-century.

Check Out Current Events Podcasts at Blog Talk Radio with ALL NATIONALIST NETWORK on BlogTalkRadio
Posted in American South, Dixie, Race Relations, White Advocacy, White Nationalism | 18 Comments

A History of The Wife

This was written by a feminist, but it sounds like an interesting book:

“How did marriage, considered a religious duty in medieval Europe, become a venue for personal fulfillment in contemporary America? How did the notion of romantic love, a novelty in the Middle Ages, become a prerequisite for marriage today? And, if the original purpose of marriage was procreation, what exactly is the purpose of marriage for women now?

Combining “a scholar’s rigor and a storyteller’s craft”(San Jose Mercury News), distinguished cultural historian Marilyn Yalom charts the evolution of marriage in the Judeo Christian world through the centuries and shows how radically our ideas about marriage have changed.

For any woman who is, has been, or ever will be married, this intellectually vigorous and gripping historical analysis of marriage sheds new light on an institution most people take for granted, and that may, in fact, be experiencing its most convulsive upheaval since the Reformation.”

Posted in Books, History, Women | 20 Comments

Arkansas: State Government Surrenders To Leftist Degeneracy, Vows To Protect Homosexual “Rights”

Homosexuals rally in Little Rock to frog march Christians into the closet in Arkansas

Homosexuals rally in Little Rock to force Christians into the closet

This series of Rod Dreher articles over at The American Conservative says it all … it feels strange linking to Rod here, but he is right on these Social Justice Warriors:

You know it is over and done for conservative Christians in American “mainstream” politics when the Republican governor and legislature of Arkansas caved so quickly over the new issue of “religious liberty.” That’s a telltale sign that there will never be a modus vivendi between Christians and the homosexual lobby:

“Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson signed a narrower religious liberty bill into law Thursday after a more expansive measure approved by state legislators earlier in the week spurred an outcry from activists and corporations who feared it would permit discrimination against gays and lesbians.

The latest Arkansas bill largely mirrors a federal “religious freedom” law from the 1990s. The original measure passed by Arkansas legislators Tuesday, like a law in Indiana that also drew national criticism, went beyond other state and federal religious-freedom laws.

The Republican governor quickly signed the new measure into law, just minutes after it passed the state House by an overwhelming margin Thursday afternoon. Mr. Hutchinson had called for changes to the original measure Wednesday amid pressure from companies, including the state’s largest private employer, Wal-Mart Stores Inc., and from gay-rights groups.”

In this case, Wal-Mart was the puppeteer behind the scenes:

“IM ZARROLI, BYLINE: Governor Hutchinson has promised to sign the bill, but he backed out at the last minute. In a press conference yesterday, he said one of the things that changed his mind was opposition from Arkansas businesses.

GOVERNOR ASA HUTCHINSON: I have had some communication personally with some of the business leaders across the state. Others have communicated in different fashions. And they raise an important issue.

ZARROLI: The bill would have barred state and local governments from infringing on someone’s religious beliefs unless the government had a strong compelling interest. Critics say the bill would allow businesses to discriminate against gays and lesbians. Supporters deny that. But as the controversy mushroomed, the state’s business community began opposing the bill. Jay Chesshir is president and CEO of the Little Rock Regional Chamber of Commerce. …

ZARROLI: Among the companies opposing bill was Arkansas-based Walmart, the country’s biggest private-sector employer. State representative Camille Bennett says what scared businesses wasn’t just bad PR. The bill is based on a federal law adopted by many states but is much broader. And she says it would open up private companies to lawsuits. For instance, she says, what if someone believed a textbook used in local schools violated his or her religious beliefs?

ZARROLI: Bennett says companies like Walmart have lots of smart attorneys. And once they realized the potential impact of the bill, they began to call for its defeat. Jim Zarroli, NPR News.”

There you have it: “homophobia” is now the equivalent of “racism,” “gay marriage” is a sacred cause which is now the equivalent of voting rights/civil rights for blacks, and the conservative Christians who disagree are now all going to be treated as pariahs, run out of the phony conservative “mainstream,” and stigmatized as the equivalent of Bull Connor and the segregationists.

Who knows what American public school teachers will be telling future generations about homosexuality and gender? Will churches be stripped of their tax exempt status? All that is left now is for the Supreme Court to hand down the homosexual equivalent of the Loving decision. That will probably happen later this summer.

Posted in Arkansas, Christianity, Homosexuals, Politics, Progressives | 30 Comments

Indiana: State Government Surrenders To Leftist Degeneracy, Vows To Protect Homosexual “Rights”

Do you see this for what it is yet? Bowing to these hedonists is the textbook definition of treason.

Do you see this for what it is yet? Bowing to these hedonists is the textbook definition of treason.

When one makes the assertion that the majority of current American politicians lack even a single iota of moral fiber or conviction, it does not take long to find overwhelming supportive evidence.

Our latest featured example centers around the disgraceful abandonment of principle by many of those occupying positions of power within the state of Indiana, as it now appears that not only concessions, but outright capitulation, to homosexual interest groups is now the order of the day.

Reeling under a series of economic semi-boycotts by companies such as Apple and Walmart, and condemnations by Jewish-dominated organizations such as the NFL and NBA, the Indiana Legislature tacked on an amendment to its original Religious Freedom Restoration Act early Thursday, to the cheers of mentally-deranged Sodomites nationwide.

The revamped bill, which had been intended to protect moral Christian men and women from exploitation by freakish characters, now lies in shambles, with traditional analysts commenting on the fact that gays, lesbians, and undefined abominations now enjoy even greater protection and support under the law than before the RFRA’s inception a few days previously.

Hmmm... I seem to be having trouble finding the feminists in this picture. I

Hmmm… I seem to be having trouble finding the feminists in this picture, despite certain “Manosphere” half-wit personalities claiming said females are behind all of our society’s woes.

KLTA:

Indiana lawmakers are poised to overhaul their religious freedom law Thursday in an effort to ease concerns that it could lead to discrimination — and they’ve infuriated social conservative activists in the process.

Republican legislative leaders unveiled a series of changes Thursday morning to the law that triggered intense backlash from businesses, sports associations, pro-LGBT groups and even fiscally-focused conservatives when Gov. Mike Pence signed it last week.

The GOP-dominated House and Senate are set to vote on the legislative fix, which was added into an unrelated bill, on Thursday, sending it to Pence’s desk almost immediately.

The changes would prohibit businesses from using the law as a defense in court for refusing “to offer or provide services, facilities, use of public accommodations, goods, employment, or housing” to any customers based on “race, color, religion, ancestry, age, national origin, disability, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, or United States military service.”

Eric Miller, the head of Advance America and a powerful lobbyist who stood behind Pence at last week’s private bill signing ceremony, said on his website: “Among the things that will happen, Christian bakers, florists and photographers would now be forced by the government to participate in a homosexual wedding or else they would be punished by the government! That’s not right!”

 

The Indiana law and a similar bill that Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson has asked lawmakers there to change had drawn criticism from major companies like Apple, Walmart and Salesforce, as well as sports associations like the NCAA, NBA and NFL.

To anyone who may still think that formerly Conservative Republican candidates will defend the rights of White Christians against the tide of Marxist filth, let me say to you now that this is a dangerous hope, and is one that is foundering on the rocks before your very eyes.

The traitors within the gates have spread to both political parties by this late hour, and only through radical, and racially aware, stands can we hope to halt the decay before the point of no return is reached.

Enrichment now! Enrichment wow! What other interesting cultural vibrancy do we have to look forward to next?

Enrichment now! Enrichment wow! What other interesting cultural vibrancy is next in our future?

 

 

Posted in Ain't That America, Christianity, Homosexuals, Indiana, Liberalism, Marriage Equality | 13 Comments

The Sonny Thomas Show: Tartan Day Special

Listen Live

TARTAN DAY SPECIAL: 9pm – Robert & Louise Reid of the Caledonian Society of Cincinnati

Interview Bio

Robert C. W. Reid

Robert Reid was born in Seattle Washington and raised in the Midlands in England. His mother is from the Lincolnshire area in England but Robert has really embraced his Scots/Irish side, his father hailing from Larne in Northern Ireland. The family moved back to the US in the late 70’s and have lived in Cincinnati ever since.

Soon after college Robert got into bagpiping by joining the Cincinnati Caledonian Pipes and Drums. He has served as Band President, Quarter Master, Business manager and is currently the Drum Major and a bagpiper. He is also an Honor Guard piper for the Clermont County Sheriff and Loveland Symmes Fire Department. Robert has been on the board for the Cincinnati Celtic festival and the Ohio Scottish Games and is currently the President of the Caledonian Society of Cincinnati. In addition, he owns and operates Celtic Corner with wife Louise, who is a Highland Dancer and Judge. By day, he is Purchasing Manager for a rapidly growing local company.

Outside of bagpiping, Robert enjoys working on his 1979 MGB and 1949 Ford rat rod. He can be found helping coach his 8yr old son in his various sports and supporting his 10yr old daughter with her Highland Dancing.

Louise L. Reid

Louise was born in Glasgow, Scotland and moved to the United States at a young age. After a few years in Chicago, her family settled in Cincinnati, Ohio where her mother opened a dance studio. Louise began to take Highland dancing at that time and competed successfully throughout North America and Scotland. She has competed in the World Championships at Cowal and had students qualify for the United States Inter-Regionals. She became a teacher in 1997 to continue to share her love of dancing and the Scottish culture.

In addition to highland dancing, Louise also enjoys other forms of dance including Ballet, Jazz, and Tap. She has taught courses in Scottish Highland and Tap dance at local Universities. Louise is co-owner of Celtic Corner where she works with her mother, Lenora Gilmour.

Louise is a member of the SOBHD Worldwide Panel of Adjudicators and a Fellow member of the British Association of Teachers of Dancing.

Posted in Culture | Leave a comment

Women and Americanism

What do you think?

My guess is that virtually all of my readers after seeing this degenerate image of Miley Cyrus, formerly the child star Hannah Montana, gyrating on an inflatable penis would place themselves on the opposite side of the Sexual Revolution of the 1960s:

Progress?

Progress?

There’s much worse out there: all niches of pornography, graphic images of abortion, men like Bruce Jenner who is going through a “transition” into becoming a woman, but the important point here is that we all stand on the opposite side of that fence.

It’s not a fence that pits men vs. women. The fence divides those who believe in Americanism against those who oppose its spread.

Posted in Americanism, Feminism, Women | 31 Comments

Women In Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800

women-early-modern-europeEditor’s Note: Consider this a companion guide to the latest podcast over at the Stormer. I’ve chosen the Early Modern Era to illustrate what life was still like for men and women closer to our own historical epoch.

In Early Modern Europe, women worked considerably more than 3 to 4 hours a day. Household labor went on from dawn until dusk:

“One historian calculated how women divided their time, using the information contained in diaries and other similar sources. It is, of course, only a rough indication given that women did not do exactly the same things, depending on whether they lived in the city or the countryside, whether they were rich or poor, whether they were unmarried, married or widows, and whether they were young or old. In spite of this, the results are interesting and give us a vivid picture of tireless women constantly at work. The study showed that in Great Britain the preparation of food required 3 or 4 hours a day, fetching water and firewood about an hour, and lighting the fire and feeding small children another hour, making a total of 6 or 7 hours. On top of that, there was the time employed in the kitchen garden (1 hour) and milking and looking after the animals (2-3 hours), making bread and beer (3 hours a week for each activity) and from time to time the making of preserves and similar foods. But these activities relating to the preparation of food were obviously not all women had to do. Childcare took 3 hours a day, cleaning the house 2 hours, making clothes 2 hours, other activities concerning clothing 2 hours and washing clothes 4 hours.”

Raffaella Sarti, Europe At Home: Family and Material Culture, 1500-1800, p.190

In England, most couples married after their parents were already dead, who outside the highest levels of the aristocracy were not arranging their marriages. The lowest classes had the most freedom in their marital choices which were already heavily influenced by sexual attraction and popular notions of romantic love:

“The fact that many young people married after having spent many years in service away from home also undermined parental authority. On the other hand, the fact that in England the majority of the population married late meant that they married when their parents were already dead. Whatever the case, it appears that after 1660 only parents from the very highest levels of the aristocracy did not systematically grant their sons and daughters at least the right to veto any potential partner they might suggest.”

Raffaella Sarti, Europe At Home: Family and Material Culture, 1500-1800, p.288

In northwestern Europe, the average man married around age 27-28 and the average woman married around age 24-25. Marriage was expensive and nearly a fourth of the population never married:

“The situation was similar north-western Europe and for the middle and lower order in cities pretty much everywhere. … To get married you had to scrape together enough money to set up home on your own, and to do that, you had to work hard and be patient. With a bit of luck, a man could hope to marry around age 27-28 and women around 24-25. But it was not unusual to have to wait longer, nor did everyone succeed in their intent. There were those who never managed to save the absolute minimum required and therefore remained unmarried all their lives. In north-western Europe, the percentage of those who never married was high, although it varied according to the social group, the area and the period. In England from the mid-sixteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century, the figure fluctuated between 4 and 24 percent.”

Raffaella Sarti, Europe At Home: Family and Material Culture, 1500-1800, p.48

All of this is fanciful talk anyway.

There will never be any return to an imaginary medieval Arcadia. Only a small fraction of the American and European population works in agriculture. What’s more, the household tasks that women were still performing up until the Industrial Revolution have been almost completely eliminated.

Posted in Europe, History, Women | 47 Comments

Ole Miss: White Student Charged With “Civil Rights” Crime For Placing Noose On James Meredith Statue

So, according to the logic of these Justice Department critters, subhuman gang graffiti on statues of esteemed Whites should be treated the same? Hey, we can hope, right?Another month in the annals of history, and another travesty within the bloated colossus that is the United States federal government, with the persecution of a White student for a perceived offense against the fragile feelings of the vibrant American Black.

According to documents released following the convening of a grand jury, Graeme Phillip Harris, previously enrolled at the University of Mississippi, now faces charges of conspiracy to violate civil rights, as well as racial intimidation threats for the February 2014 placing of a noose and Georgia state flag on the statue of James Meredith, the first Negro to attend the prestigious college during the early 1960’s.

Word of the legal proceedings, which could be interpreted in ways ranging from bizarre to terrifying, reached as high as the desk of Attorney General Eric Holder, who apparently denounced the incident as, “a violation of our most strongly-held values,” as part of a rambling and barely-coherent statement.

Eric-Holder

One wonders if Mr. Holder has any idea where or what the University of Mississippi is. At least he is better off than the other African in this picture, who seems confused as to what is even going on.

Washington Post:

The Justice Department said Friday that it had charged a student at the University of Mississippi with federal civil rights crimes for placing a noose on a statue of James Meredith, the school’s first black student, in what federal authorities said was a “flagrant” attempt to threaten black students at the school.

These charges come a little more than a year after the noose was found on the neck of the Meredith statue, which has stood at the center of the Ole Miss campus in Oxford for nearly a decade. In February 2014, the noose was found along with an older Georgia state flag (before that state adopted a new flag without the Confederate symbol), prompting an investigation by the FBI and local police.

Graeme Phillip Harris, the student who was charged, and others hung the rope and the flag “with the intent to threaten and intimidate African American students and employees at the university,” the Justice Department said.

A Dangerous Precedent

The very idea that a prank against an inanimate object, no matter what the context, can constitute federal criminal charges, should be enough to send chills down the spine of any Nationalist or pro-White activist, as the potential slippery slope behind such a decision bodes ill for the future indeed.

One now has to think of further suppressions of the First Amendment that may come about in coming months and years, as Whites begin to feel the pressure being applied with ever-increasing force.

Just do not blink, as you may open your eyes to a scene resembling that of the most Marxist lands of current Europe.

Georgia-State-Flag-1956

Do you see this, White Man? Your heritage shall no longer be permitted, as it shatters the emotions of the poor and somehow oppressed Coloreds.

 

Posted in American South, Mississippi, Negroes, United States | 33 Comments