Somalia is the most dysfunctional country in Africa.
It is probably the worst, most dysfunctional place on earth. It is so bad that it isn’t ranked in the UN Human Development Index because it hasn’t been a functioning state since 1991. Millions of refugees have poured out of Somalia and have gone on over the years to commit terrorism and violent crimes in the UK, Norway, Kenya, Minnesota, Georgia and Ohio and Maine.
This is surprising because Somalia had all the ingredients of a successful nation-state. Unlike other countries in Africa, Somalians share a common race, ethnicity, culture, language and religion. It is one of the most homogeneous countries in Africa. And yet, it has been the dysfunctional, unstable country in Africa while heterogeneous states like Senegal, Cameroon and Tanzania which aren’t divided by ethnicity and religion have managed to remain peaceful and intact.
Somalia is the most natural ethnostate in Africa. There are Somalis who live across the border in the Ogaden in Ethiopia and the Northern Frontier District of Kenya. This is true of most African countries though. The Bakongo are split between the Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo and Angola. Most of the Tswana live across the border in Botswana. The Mandinka live all over West Africa.
Somalia’s dysfunction can’t be blamed on “the legacy of slavery.” The slaves who were brought to the New World came from West Africa and Mozambique. Slavery was abolished in Somalia in the early 20th century by the British, French and Italians who carved up Somaliland only to reunite the country in 1960.
Somalia’s dysfunction isn’t due to “the legacy of colonialism” either. When British and Italian Somalia were reunited in 1960, Somalia was one of the most peaceful, successful countries in Africa. Mogadishu was known at the time as “The White Pearl of the Indian Ocean.” The British and Italians weren’t interested in Somalia because of its natural resources – it didn’t have the oil of Nigeria, the diamonds of Sierra Leone, the gold of Ghana. The resource curse theory doesn’t apply to Somalia. They were interested in its Indian Ocean ports which were modernized and inherited by Somalians.
In 1969, Siad Barre came to power in a military coup in Somalia. He turned Somalia into a Marxist-Leninist state, built the largest army in Africa and set Somalia on a collision course with Ethiopia in his determination to conquer the Ogaden. Somali minorities existed in Djibouti, Kenya and Ethiopia and the aim of Somalian foreign policy was to reunite all Somalis into one ethnostate. It ended in a disaster when Somalia invaded Ethiopia in 1977 only to be betrayed by its Soviet and Cuban allies who backed Mengistu’s Ethiopia. Siad Barre’s dream to create a Greater Somalia came to an end in a stinging defeat.
After that experience, Somalia switched sides in the Cold War and was supported by Ronald Reagan’s America in the 1980s which supported a number of other regimes on the continent including Apartheid South Africa and Mobutu Sese Seko’s Congo. Like all these other countries, America no longer needed its African allies when the Soviet Union began to collapse and cut off its client states in 1988.
The true cause of Somalia’s collapse is clan warfare.
It is a desert society populated by camel herding nomads. These nomads are all related to each other through clans and sub-clans. Ethnically, they are all Somalis, but at the end of the Cold War the Somali clans turned on Siad Barre and turned on each other. By 1991, Siad Barre had been driven out of power and Somalia had disintegrated as a state into a vicious downward spiral of clan warfare.
This was hugely embarrassing to the United Nations. In 1992, a famine broke out in southern Somalia. Hundreds of thousands of Somalians were starving to death and dying in pointless street battles in Mogadishu between Somali militias high on khat. Fresh from his victory in the Gulf War, President George H.W. Bush thought it would be a great idea to save the starving blacks of Somalia in “Operation Restore Hope” before Christmas and show the world that the US military and United Nations was capable of building his New World Order. He lost the presidency in 1992 though.
Bill Clinton inherited the mess in Somalia:
Clinton in the United Nations set out to rebuild Somalia as a functioning state. It ended in the Black Hawk Dawn disaster when 18 American soldiers were killed in Mogadishu. Over 1,000 Somalis lost their lives in that victory but it drove the Yankees out of Africa until George W. Bush’s intervention in Liberia. The major reason the Rwanda Holocaust happened was because we don’t want to get burned again saving Africans after Somalia. The best estimates are that 300,000 Somalis have died in the hell of war and famine and after the Black Hawk Down disaster we abandoned Somalia to its fate.
Sorry shitlibs, but Somalia isn’t the White man’s fault. This cascading disaster is caused by clan warfare and is rooted in Somalia’s own unique nomadic culture. The rest of the world has tried at least a dozen times now in the years since the United States pulled out of Somalia to put the country back together again. It is a war unlike any other on the African continent and has completely destroyed Somalia.
In recent years, Somalia has turned to Islamic fundamentalism in the hope that it can be used to quell the division between the clans. It has also developed a reputation for piracy:
As in Nigeria, the terrorist group al-Shabab has found fertile soil in Somalia:
Are all peoples equally capable of freedom and self government? Is white supremacy a bad thing? Somalia shows us otherwise. The country would be far better off today if it had remained colonized.