Watching now … the origins of the biggest sin in modern British society.
Note: This is pretty silly.
Europeans were obviously trying to understand and explain what they were seeing – just as they tried to explain every other problem, such as the transmission of diseases like malaria and yellow fever – and were coming up with various theories to explain why peoples with such radically different phenotypes could exist along the same latitudes.
They correctly inferred that heredity, not the environment, is the cause of racial differences in skin color and morphology. They also correctly inferred that there was a biological connection between Africans and the gorillas, monkeys, and chimpanzees that lived among them.