This is an excerpt from Henry Washington’s The Races of Men which appeared in the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond in April 1860:
“I now come to my second proposition, that there is, and always has been, not merely diversity but inequality among the races of men – that they are differently endowed by nature – that to each a part has been assigned, and that on each faculties have been bestowed adapted to the part assigned. So simple seems this theory, so comfortable to fact, to history and to experience, that any discussion of it here would be out of place, that we did not know that a vague and undefined idea of human equality is, perhaps, of all others, the most prevalent, and the most deeply rooted in the public mind of the age.
We meet it everywhere, in all ranks and classes. Tacitly, and almost unconsciously, it is made the basis of our Constitution and our social systems. It has found its way into the Virginia Bill of Rights. It stands in the very front of the Declaration of Independence. It is there announced as a self evident truth that all men are by nature equal. Indeed, the idea of human equality is the source of many of the most mischievous errors of our times. No one call tell how much false philosophy, false legislation, and false philanthropy have been based upon it.”
The Declaration of Independence is based on the false assumption of human equality. The Confederacy was based on the proposition that all men are not created equal and that some races and social classes are superior to others and should rule in a “Patrician Republic.”